Time to Think About Fall Vegetable Gardening

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Fall Vegetable Garden Carrots & Beets

As the summer heat & humidity are still beating down on us, many of us are thinking about how to keep cool and perhaps heading for the beach or mountains, not fall gardening. Transplants for cool-season vegetables are appearing in the garden centers and now is the time to plant. If you haven’t tested your soil, now is also a good time, as the testing is free until Thanksgiving. You can pick up a soil test kit at the N.C. Cooperative Extension of Union County office or at any Union County Public Library.

Here are a few tips for getting your fall garden off to a good start:

  • Plant seed slightly deeper than in the spring, around ½” – 1” deep. Do not cover seeds with mulch as this could bury them too deep and prevent germination.
  • Incorporate an organic or slow-release fertilizer into the soil at planting time based on soil test results.
  • Mulch transplants using a 2” layer of straw, shredded leaves, or ground pine bark to retain moisture and prevent weeds.
  • Monitor your plants and planting beds and water when the first few inches feel dry. Use soaker hoses to apply water directly to the soil, placing them adjacent to seed rows and transplants, ideally underneath your mulch.
  • Use floating row cover to protect your plants and seedbeds. Row cover will shade plants from high heat and can also serve to protect them from pests such as caterpillars.
  • If you have areas where you will not grow a crop, consider planting a cover crop. The cover crop will hold nutrients and when you turn it under before planting in the spring you will be adding beneficial organic matter to your soil.

For guidelines on when to plant, conduct an internet search using the words “Central North Carolina Planting Calendar.”

The 2020 Union County Heritage Festival is going virtual on September 19. Plan to take part in the Wild Turkey 5K and check out all the activities that will be available virtually from 9 a.m.–4 p.m. at Union County Heritage Festival.