Growing Beans

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Green Beans in a PileThe National Gardening Bureau has selected the Garden Bean as their vegetable of the year for 2021. I have included information here about Garden Beans from their website and you can learn more about this and other plants of the year at the National Gardening Bureau website. This is a wonderful resource for home gardeners.

Garden beans or green beans are one of the earliest plants to be cultivated and their roots can be traced back to Central & South America. They come in a variety of flavors, pod shapes, sizes, and a range of colors including green, purple, yellow, and speckled bi-colors. 

There are 4 basic types of garden beans:

    • Bush beans are low growing & compact & can be grown in small patches in the garden and will perform well in containers.
    • Pole beans are twining vines that can be trained on poles, trellises, or netting. They can also be grown in containers with proper support.
    • Filet beans (think French green bean) have slim pods and come in both bush and pole types.
    • Dried or shelling beans are gown for their edible seeds and include pinto, kidney and black beans. 

Here are a few tips for growing beans:

  • They are warm-season vegetables, so are best planted after soil temperatures reach 70°F; if planted too early seeds can rot in cool, wet soil
  • Plant where they will receive 8 hours of sun & have well-drained soil
  • Be careful when weeding to avoid damage to their shallow roots. 
  • Apply organic mulch around your plants so they have consistent moisture 
  • Make succession plantings of bush beans every 2-3 weeks for beans all season long.
  • Harvest frequently to encourage more pod production.
  • Pole beans can be used to create privacy around porches or patios.
  • You can grow a pole bean Tee-Pee as a great play place for children and it gets them into the garden

Written By

Debbie Dillion, N.C. Cooperative ExtensionDebbie DillionExtension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture Call Debbie Email Debbie N.C. Cooperative Extension, Union County Center
Updated on May 3, 2021
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